As the popularity of marijuana and cannabis grows, so does the variety of products being sold by the weed market. With a variety of different products comes a range of methods in producing stuff from the plant itself. Before, rolling a joint from the leaves and buds was the way to go but now, enthusiasts are looking to try new experiences with a variety of marijuana and cannabis products. One particular product that is making rounds is butane honey oil or BHO. BHO is an extract contained concentrated amounts of the compounds found in your marijuana and cannabis plant.
To produce BHO requires the use of a BHO Extractor which is a device that houses dried cannabis or marijuana buds as they are being mixed with a solvent (usually butane) in order to draw out the oils and resins. The liquid that comes out of the extractor is a mixture of liquid butane and all the oils extracted from the buds. The butane is then boiled off leaving the concentrated oils rich in THC which makes for a great high experience.
Other than butane in BHO Extractors, there are also alternative solvents used in drawing out the oils and resins from marijuana and cannabis buds. Apart from butane, solvents used in cannabis oil extraction include ethanol, water, hydrocarbons, and carbon dioxide. Taking a closer look into these solvents we can get an idea of the kind of oils they produce.
- Ethanol – The use of ethanol is favorable in extraction oil from cannabis buds due to the fact that ethanol has also been utilized in producing marijuana and cannabis edibles as it is also capable of extracting flavor making it safe to use. In addition, cleaning out ethanol and separating it from oil is easy but the catch is that unwanted compounds can get mixed into the oil.
- Water – Using water to extract oils and resins from cannabis or marijuana is as simple as drying or freezing the buds and mixing them with cold water and ice. The mixing helps agitate the buds which allows the oil to seep from inside and into the water. The catch with using water in cannabis extracting is that the end product isn’t as pure.
- Hydrocarbons – A common solvent used in extracting cannabis oils other than butane, hydrocarbons are compatible with a lot of machinery used by larger marijuana product manufacturers. With that, this solvent is something more used by big producers of marijuana oils making it more efficient to mass produce them.
- Carbon Dioxide – Probably the least common solvent used in the extraction of cannabis oils, carbon dioxide has been deemed unsafe to use. This is because carbon dioxide is hard to detect for any leaks and if one does occur, people are put at risk of asphyxiation. Carbon dioxide is also unfavorable due to the fact the end product contains a lot of undesired wax.
If you want to be able to produce your own BHO, you are going to have to use butane as a solvent and utilize a BHO Extractor bought from your local dispensary.